For obvious reasons, it is hard to tell when the first head-coverings emerged other than metal helmets and crowns. Archeoligists believe that the body found in Denmark at Tollund Bog wearing an eight panel, fur lined leather cap with chin strap was a chieftain sacrificed during the First millenium. Finding also points to the Egyptians wearing head covering made of materials, but the first milliners appeared in Italy in the 1500's.
Through the ages hats were made of all types of material, were small and large, plain and super fancy, at times mandatory, a status symbol or a fashion statement.
Nowadays, hats are more functional, protective. Of course, in our view, always fashionable.
Here is our list of most well known styles with a short, general description.
Generally a small brimmed hat with dented crown and pinched front. Brim is curled up in back, and turned down in front; 1.5-2" wide. Most often a ribbon band with a small side bow, sometimes a pin or feather accent.
* variations: in brim size (stingy brim, large brim) and crown style (teardrop, ceased, slight to deep front pinch)
Soft round wool brimless cap. Sloping to back or side.
BUCKET HAT, BOONIE, BUSH HAT
Soft hat with soft down-sloping, usually stitched brim. Generally cotton. 1.5"-2.5" wide brim. Square crown.
BEANIE (aka: tuque)
Brimless knit cap.
*variation: radar beanie has a small visor; slouchy beanie; pom pom beanie;
Flat brim, flat top straw hat originally.
BOWLER (aka: derby)
Felt hat with rounded crown and curled up brim.
CAMPAIGN (aka: Smokey Bear hat)
Symmetrically pinched crown, all four sides (Montana crease). Wide flat brim. Generally felt.
Knit wool hat with ear flaps, pom poms.
IVY CAP (aka: flat cap, driving cap)
Soft cap with flat round or oval shape top. Small bill sewn to crown.
*variations: duckbill, snap bill,
Originally a felt, formed dome cap. Small bill built under crown.
GATSBY (aka: newsboy cap)
Eight panel cap with small soft bill.
Hard felt hat with medium curled brim, 2-2.5" wide. Center creased crown without front pinch. Ribbon band with small side bow, possibly pin and feather accent.
Low crown with straight sidewalls and flat top. Narrow curled brim.
*variations in crown top, flat, set in, telescoped
Wide, 3.5"+ brim, flat or rolled.. Tall creased and dented crown. Accented with band.
Tall, flat cylindrical crown. Narrow, curled brim. Ribbon band. Generally felt.
*variations: short top hat, less than 5" tall; stovepipe
TRAPPER (aka: ushanka)
Fold down ear flap. Fur lined. Many variations of these cold weather headwear styles are gouped here. The one common feature is the earflap. They can be fastened under the chin ("down flap"), above the crown ("up flap"), or behind the crown ("ski flap"). Some well known variations, aviator, pilot, bomber, ushanka,
Medium, flat or slightly down-sloping brim. Slightly tapered crown, creased top, pinch front. Crown is similar to a fedora, mostly the brim differentiates these styles.
Medium to large, rolled brim. Creased, pinched crown.
Bell shaped hat, small brim.
Small, brimless hat with straight sides, flat crown.
Rigid, but lightweight oval shape helmet made of pith. Medium down-sloping brim. Straps inside, and for chin.
Wide brim on front that narrows or disappears toward the back. It shades the face and ears.
LARGE BILL CAP
Wide bill, possibly 180 degree. Cap style, round crown. Often with neck cape/flap.
COWBOY, WESTERN STYLE
FLOPPY - CAPELINE